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Plumbago grows quickly but excess growth can be pruned off at any point throughout the year. As the flowering finishes, the leaves begin a month-long change to a vivid mahogany red color. In North Florida, plumbago flowers from spring to fall. Plumbago thrives in the South African heat and in the United States it is found growing year-round in the southernmos… Take cuttings from the mature root (1/4- to 1/2-inch diameter) of a two- to three-year-old plumbago in late winter or early spring, says the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Plumbago It is not as showy as the commonly grown introduced plumbago. Click for a map. I hear it also does well in Texas and the Southwest. Plumbago auriculata is native to South Africa and escaped from cultivation. It is sometimes called doctorbush. According to the Atlas of Florida Plants, it's found throughout most of coastal Florida from Volusia County south. Stems are thin and somewhat vine-like, keeping its form delicate even in mass plantings. Moisture: Moist to average. Add to cart 1 - 4" pot of White Plumbago/ Plumbago scandens Butterfly host for the Cassius blue. It is not as showy as the commonly grown introduced plumbago. Quantity. Shrub responds well to pruning. Plumbago foliage is bright green, of medium density, and remains evergreen in frost-free areas of the state. Cotton cushion scale and mites are occasionally a problem, too, but do not usually affect the long-term health of the plant. Growth damaged by frost should be pruned off in spring. Common names include plumbago and leadwort (names which are also shared by the genus Ceratostigma). P. auriculata is the classic blue plumbago; it's non-native, but Florida-Friendly. They can have a trailing or upright growth habit, depending on cultivar. For the green thumbs and garden-dreamers alike, every month we’ll highlight a UF / IFAS feature plant that deserves a spotlight in Florida-friendly gardening. Plumbago NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Plumbago zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11. Evergreen foliage, cascading form, and persistent fruits give plumbago some winter interest. Plants in north-central Florida quickly recover in the spring following a killing freeze. Hardy coastal ground cover with small white flowers throughout the year. Plumbago’s phlox-like blue or white flowers attract butterflies and give off a pleasant fragrance. ©Jaret Daniels. It is sometimes called doctorbush. It generally looks its best when planted in full sun and well-drained soil. Its clusters of cool blue or white flowers are unmatched and make it a favorite among traditional garden selections. Plumbago also looks attractive as a specimen if located in a low ground cover. Bury 2- to 6-inch-long cuttings horizontally under 1/2 inch of rooting medium. Plumbago auriculata can be affected by tiny insects called chilli thrips, which cause the leaves to look curled and stunted. Description: Evergreen shrub to 6 ft. Flowering season: All year. It is present in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). ... WILD PLUMBAGO (Plumbago scandens) Grows to maximum 3ft. To 4 feet or more high and wide. Plumbago is a native plant to Florida, and is also found in South Africa. Name Phone City Size Other info; All Native Garden Center & Plant Nursery (239) 939-9663: Fort Myers: g: 91: Florida Native Plants Nursery & Landscaping (941) 322-1915 For more on native and Florida-Friendly plumbago species, contact your county Extension office. Plumbago scandense Wild Plumbago is naturally found along the coast from Volusia County south to the Keys and Collier, Lee, Manatee and Levy Counties inland. Family: Plumbaginaceae. Pruning will keep them more compact but they look their best planted with room to grow. In Florida it is rarely found in the disturbed sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and Lee counties (Wunderlin, 2003). With long, thin stems and pale … The Blue Plumbago plant was originally discovered in the hot environment of South Africa and has since been introduced to mild climates around the world, including Florida, Texas, California, Australia, and Spain(University of Florida- Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences- … Dies back elsewhere; leafs out late in spring. From University of Florida (UF), Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences. Hardiness: Zones 9–11 Lifespan: Perennial Soil: Moist to very dry, well-drained sandy, loamy or calcareous soils Exposure: Full sun to partial shade Growth habit: 5–20’+ tall, 3–10’ wide There's even a lesser-known white plumbago. As an added bonus, plumbago is the larval host plant for the cassius blue butterfly. White flowers all soil types. Plumbago auriculata, also known commonly as Blue Plumbago, Cape Plumbago, Cape Leadwort and Skyflower, is a root-hardy perennial in our Houston gardens. This species has a pan-tropical distribution. Excellent butterfly attractor. The sprawling, fountain-shaped growth habit of plumbago. Plumbago shrubs produce brightly colored white or sky-blue flowers and are … (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods. This species has a pan-tropical distribution. Plumbago (Plumbago auriculata) – Florida Gardening . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Plumbago (disambiguation). A blue flowering plant is a rarity in South Florida landscapes, and blue plumbago plays well with others, colorwise. The names plumbago and leadwort have been passed down through history from an ancient Roman naturalist, Pliny the Elder. The plumbago plant (Plumbago auriculata), also known as the Cape plumbago or sky flower, is actually a shrub and in its natural surroundings can grow 6 to 10 feet tall with a spread of 8 to 10 feet. The variety 'Alba' has white flowers. Plumbago is a perfect plant for low growing hedges or a nice backdrop for… Read More This shrub can flower year round with most flowers produced spring through fall. Attracts butterflies and other pollinators (Florida wildflower Foundation) including ants and bees (IRC). Credit: Bob Peterson. Credit: UF/IFAS. White Plumbago 4" pot. Plumbago is a flowering, perennial shrub. Understory shrub or use a group as a groundcover in a shady setting. Exposure: Part sun to shade. Family: Rutaceae (Rue or citrus family) Native range: Peninsula from Marion county south to the Keys To see where natural populations of Wild lime have been vouchered, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Dwarf plumbago is semievergreen only in the mildest-winter areas; best to cut back after bloom. Plumbago auriculata is the classic blue plumbago, native to South Africa. The deep blue flowers are numerous and long-lasting beginning in early fall. Sometimes called doctorbush, P. zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Regular price $0.00 $5.00 Sale. Native Plumbago - Plumbago scandens Florida's only native plumbago, (Plumbago scandens), is a sprawling sub-shrub native to coastal hammocks from south-central to south Florida. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. Both species require regular watering until established but are moderately drought tolerant afterwards. In Florida it is rarely found in the disturbed sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and Lee counties (Wunderlin, 2003). This small rambling shrub offers up a bounty of blue flower clusters irresistible to both butterflies and gardeners. Moderate. Florida Native Wildflowers. Though non-native, this species is considered a Florida-Friendly plant and labeled by the UF/IFAS Assessment as “low invasion risk.” It is sometimes called Cape plumbago, leadwort, or sky flower. A freeze may cause die-back, but plants generally recover quickly once the weather warms up in the spring. Growth is sprawling. If it grows out of bounds or becomes leggy, simply whack it back once or twice a year and it … Though non-native, this species is considered a Florida-Friendly plant and labeled by the UF/IFAS Assessment as “low invasion risk.” It is sometimes called Cape plumbago, leadwort, or sky flower. USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11. Allow four to six feet between plants in a mass planting so that the natural cascading, fountain shape will develop. These shrubs bloom year-round in South and Central Florida unless hit by frost. Gardeners in Central and South Florida will enjoy blooms year-round, unless hit by frost. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. A: Plumbago, Plumbago auriculata, is most commonly found with blue flowers however one of the specific cultivars of plumbago, ‘Alba’, produces white flowers. Plumbago auriculata is the classic blue plumbago, native to South Africa. The two eyespots on this cassius blue are a brilliant irridescent blue. They contrast nicely against the foliage of oblong leaves, 4 in. Native to South Africa, the plumbago is a good-sized, sprawling, fast growing evergreen shrub known for its mounds of pale blue flowers; a shade of blue not produced by many other local flowers. Plumbago shrubs are evergreen perennials originally native to southern Africa, prized for their attractive flowers. While we can’t speak to any medicinal properties, this plant is a host for the larvae of the cassius blue butterfly (Leptotes cassius) and other lepidopterans. It’s name means lead in Latin (the Plumbago auriculata plant was once used to treat lead poisoning). Native from Florida to Arizona, south to Central America. It is present in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). Both species of plumbago develop sprawling, mounded shapes. Blue plumbago (Plumbago auriculata) is an evergreen shrub that is native to South Africa, but grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11. It is native to South Africa, and knowing this provides the first clue to how to grow a plumbago, along with where to grow one. It is a tender fast growing shrub and … Plumbago zeylanica. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Something about the ethereal bluish hue of the plant reminded him of lead; thus plumbago, Latin for “resembling lead.”. Plant plumbago anytime of the year. Host to the … Plumbago is an easy-care plant which provides gardeners with delicate light-blue flowers. Plumbago is a flowering, perennial shrub. Plumbago auriculata is native to South Africa and escaped from cultivation. Florida's only native cycad. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. In North Florida, plumbago usually blooms from spring through fall. Plumbago is an easy-to-care-for shrub that brings interest to many Florida landscapes. Plumbago has no major diseases of concern but alkaline (high pH) soil can result in mineral deficiencies and yellowing leaves. Most gardeners report minimal caterpillar damage, so you can install this host with confidence. While we can’t speak to any medicinal properties, this plant is a host for the larvae of the cassius blue butterfly (Leptotes cassius) and other lepidopterans. Prefers average to dry sites. This native, sprawling groundcover/shrub is an excellent shade groundcover for South Florida, where it spreads and fills in quickly. This is an excellent evergreen ground cover for that natural Florida look. When plants show signs of aging, remove old crowns and replace with rooted stems. Plumbago zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11. Hardy Plumbago (Ceratostigma plumbaginoides) is an outstanding, long-lived groundcover that slowly weaves itself into the garden fabric, creating large drifts of fall color. Plumbago is a genus of 10–20 species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the world. This species is grown primarily for its use as a butterfly plant. Grows in full sun to full shade. Although the genus Plumbago contains a dozen or more species, two are most frequently found in Florida: Plumbago auriculata and Plumbago zeylanica (also called P. scandens). It grows on the east side of Lake Okeechobee along Lake Okeechobee Ridge Park Trail. Native Range: Southern U.S. to Tropical America. It's especially nice combined with other plants with silvery foliage and those with pink, yellow or white flowers. It is sensitive to freezing temperatures and its range is restricted to areas that do not regularly get below the upper 20's F during the winter months. The University of Florida recommends root cuttings for propagating plumbago. across (2.5 cm), over a long season. Native Habitats: Coastal dunes. Wild plumbago is generally considered a Florida native, with a range that includes parts of south Texas and Arizona. Disturbed areas in tropical hammocks (needs light) and pine rocklands. Plumbago scandens (Doctorbush) is an evergreen loosely sprawling shrub adorned with clusters of pure white, sometimes pink-tinged, tubular flowers, 1 in. This species is grown primarily for its use as a butterfly plant. Credit: UF/IFAS, The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Blooming year-round, with a short break during the hottest days of summer, the blossoms are particularly attractive to butterflies. This makes foundation and mass plantings the installation of choice in most landscapes. Oblong leaves to 4 inches long are deep red when new, maturing to medium green; nearly all foliage turns red in late fall and winter. 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