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What is the second oldest airline in the world? An ancient Aboriginal site at a secret location in the Victorian bush could be the oldest astronomical observatory in the world, pre-dating Stonehenge and … Kokino (Кокино) is the fourth oldest astronomical observatory in the world. September 17, 2010 - 13:51 AMT. Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. The third gate at the site remains something of a mystery and points north, but not quite. Local-Life. Since it debuted, it has provided scientists with valuable data helping the advancement of … The Goseck circle is the oldest known structure with this type of astronomical alignment. Best attraction in New York. "The Sky Disc of Nebra - Bronze Age Sky Disc Deciphered." The yellow lines represent the direction the Sun rises and sets at the winter solstice, while the vertical line shows the astronomical meridian ( Wikimedia Commons ). Scientists studying the Wurdi Youang stone arrangement say it could date back more than 11,000 years and provide clues into the origins of agriculture. http://www.ancient-wisdom.co.uk/germanygoseck.htm, "Germany to Reopen 6,800-year-old Mystery Circle." Standing at the center of the structure during the winter solstice, December 21, a person could see the sun rise from the southeast gate and set through the southwest gate. It encompasses most of neo-volcanic hill Tatikjev Kamen, at the bottom of which the village is Kokino is located. You might know Greenwich for the ‘prime meridian’, the zero degree of Longitude and Greenwich Mean Time as calculated here. Feb 22, 2016 - The strange Goseck Circle is also known as the Goseck Henge, a Neolithic Circle Structure, perhaps one of the oldest solar observatories in the world. Archaeology Magazine Archive. You can also attend a show at London’s only planetarium. Siding Spring Observatory, Australia. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Next to the Royal Observatory, you can snap a picture of yourself standing on both sides of the meridian! By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. On the ground, there appeared to be a giant circular ridge hidden beneath a field. Its megalithic temples were cut from rock millennia before the 4,500-year-old … Thus, with a long-term and dedicated gathering of information, the periodical movement of the Sun and Moon was discovered and the people then were able to develop and use a lunar calendar. The Royal Observatory in Greenwichis one of the oldest modern observatories in the world. What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins), Dinner Invitations for Famous People from the Past, Enigmatic Ancient Wheel: The 300-Million-Year-Old Wheel and Anomalous Ancient Tracks Across the World, Titanoboa: The Monster Snake that Ruled Prehistoric Colombia. The archaeological excavations that started in 2001, resulted in numerous archaeological artifacts that belong to the so-called Bronze Age. Chinese archaeologists said they have found the world's oldest observatory, dating back to some 4,100 years ago, in north China's Shanxi Province. One of the most interesting aspects of Goseck Circle is the fact that the roughly 100 degree span between the solstice gates corresponds with an angle on a bronze disk unearthed 25 kilometers (15 miles) away, near the town of Nebra, Germany. However, the historically unique entire ensemble consisting of the original device and the specifically for that constructed building which also presents the oldest ground observatory in the world, only exists in Tübingen. Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico. The renovation was concluded in September, 2018, – right on time for the 200-year festivity of the Württemberg land survey which started in this exact location. It shares a striking similarity with Goseck Circle. Elasmotherium, also known as the Giant Rhinoceros or the Giant Siberian Unicorn, is an extinct species of rhino that lived in the Eurasian area in the Late Pliocene and Pleistocene eras. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. This temple complex is situated on the east bank of the Nile River, in Luxor, the main city of Upper Egypt’s fourth nome. Completed in 1963, the Arecibo Observatory is a radio telescope in Puerto Rico. A narrow ditch enveloped the circular wooden wall and three gates – one facing north, one facing southwest and the last one facing southeast, were equally space out around the outer edge. Likewise, the uppermost points mark the sunrise and sunset on the summer solstice. Some topographic characteristics of the site, such the great visibility from the highest part of the hill, and the wealth of archaeological finds found in structures with ritual nature confirm its use as a “holy mountain.”. Site of the Goseck circle. Today, Goseck Circle is seen as a major archeologists discovery and gives scientists further insight into the spiritual-religious world of Europe's first farmers. They represent a transition from Neolithic linear pottery to Stroke-Ornamented Ware Culture. Next to the Royal Observatory, you can snap a picture of yourself standing on both sides of the meridian! Two opposing arcs run along the rim of the disk. It may have nothing to do with astronomy, for the compound was more than just a solar station. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. The native house of Grigor Prlichev in Ohrid was probably built in the first decades of the XIX century and had a courtyard on... Kokino – the fourth oldest astronomical observatory in the world, Jovan Bigorski Monastery (Св. In 1907, a mysterious tomb was discovered in Egypt. 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Australian researchers have found that an ancient Aboriginal site in the Victorian bush could be the most ancient astronomical observatory on the surface of the planet, predating Stonehenge and even the Pyramids of Giza. 2002. http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/arqueologia/nebra_disk.htm, "Goseck Henge." But this observatory tower that dates back to the seventh century is actually the oldest existing astronomical observatory in all of East Asia. Archaeologists have discovered a unique hilltop monastery in eastern India. Curiously, a 3,600 year old bronze disc was discovered just 25 kilometers away from the site and is considered to be the oldest concrete representation of the cosmos. It was apparently created by Europe's first civilization, long before the cultures of Mesopotamia and the pyramids of Egypt. He has traveled... Read More. Download this stock image: the oldest astronomical observatory in the world - 2B8BJ3G from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Arecibo Observatory. Discover An Experience Above at the Freedom Tower in New York City. The discovery of the shards also suggests that the site was functional for a period of 200 years and then abandoned. Various pottery shards belonging to this culture were dug out from the site and date back to around 4700 B.C. 6. In 2008 the site was placed under temporary protection as a “Cultural landscape Kokino”. The striking connection between Goseck and the Nebra Sky Disk is the fact that angle formed between the midsummer and midwinter sunrise at Goseck is 82 degrees, exactly the same angle as the horizon lines marked on the Nebra Disk. Archaeologists know nothing about the appearance or language of the people who built Goseck and can only surmise what their religious beliefs might have been. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/circles-for-space, "Rebuilding Germany's Temple of the Sun." It’s been the subject of widespread, and often breathless, press coverage and documentaries, as well as countless conspiracy theories, from aliens to fantastical claims about ancient, technologically advanced civilizations. Some claim the circle was a calendar that told ancient farmers in the area when it was time to begin counting the days until spring planting. In that space, the ancient people observed the heavenly bodies, primarily the sun and moon, and commemorated places rising visible horizon. Its age is about 16,000 years old. "Circles for Space." The strange Goseck Circle is also known as the Goseck Henge, a Neolithic Circle Structure, perhaps one of the oldest solar observatories in the world. Avianca. Bibliotecapleyades. It is a complex prehistoric archaeological site (2000 BC), on the territory of Municipality Staro Nagorichane near Kumanovo, Macedonia.It encompasses most of neo-volcanic hill Tatikjev Kamen, at the bottom of which the village is Kokino is located. In its historical roots and traditions the Vatican Observatory is one of the oldest astronomical institutes in the world. Although its history is somewhat ambiguous, the tower stands tall as a symbol of the city’s scientific influence on ancient Korea. April 6, 2005. http://www.dw.com/en/rebuilding-germanys-temple-of-the-sun/a-1604678, Bryan graduated with a Bachelor of Art in History from Suffolk University and has a background in museum volunteering and as well as working with children’s groups at the Museum of Science and the National Park Service. This observatory doesn’t boast a high-tech look like many other observatories, however, the same is described as the birthplace of the modern astrophysics. The solar observatory have unique milestone in astronomical history and challenge the stereotypes in archaeological. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. It lies on the same latitude as Stonehenge, just over 1' minute (approx. The Megalithic Observatory is one of the most interesting features on this complex site. The world's oldest observatory: How Aboriginal astronomy provides clues to ancient life. Situated below the top of the hill, with dimensions of 100 m in an east-west direction and 50 m in the direction north-south. It is the discovery by a team of Indian archeologists in a remote village in the newest state of India – a place that should be considered ‘the oldest observatory’ in the Indian region. http://www.local-life.com/berlin/news/24-Germany_to_reopen_6,800-year-old_mystery_circle, Mukerjee, Madhusree. The site also sits on one of two unique latitudes in the world where the full moon passes directly overhead on its maximum zeniths. The sun was worshipped as the giver of life and the orchestrator of the changing seasons with the observatory likely playing a key role in ancient man’s understanding of nature. Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. Qarahunge the oldest observatory in the world . One of the rituals, probably tied to fertility and the Great Goddess-Mother, performed in a way that in the natural cracks in the rocks, were deposited vessels, probably filled with fruits, which were then covered with earth and stone. The Royal Observatory in Greenwichis one of the oldest modern observatories in the world. The 11th or 12th century religious center is special because of its location and because it was headed by a Buddhist nun,... Luxor Temple is one of the most famous temple complexes in Egypt. Stonehenge and Goseck both lie on the exact latitude at which the midsummer sunrise and sunsets are at 90° of the moon’s northerly setting and southerly rising. The sun's position at solstice has shifted slightly over the past millennia, notes Wolfhard Schlosser of the Ruhr University in Bochum, so that the angle between sunrise and sunset is now slightly farther apart than when the Nebra disk and the Goseck circle were made (by 1.6 and 2.8 degrees, respectively). It consists of a set of concentric ditches 75 metres (246 feet) across and two palisade rings containing gates in places aligned with sunrise and sunset on the solstice days. Dubbed the German Stonehenge, the structure has been radiocarbon dated to 4900 BC. 10 Things You Probably Didn't Know About the Ancient Astronomical Complex of Chanquillo | Curiosmos The thriteen towers of Chanquillo are consdiered the oldest astronomical complex in the Americas. Yerkes Observatory of Wisconsin USA was founded as early as 1897 and is considered as one of the most popular observatories of the world. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. You can also attend a show at London?s only planetarium. The jars and bowls had their decorations jabbed into the soft clay with a kind of fork to form zig-zag lines. Known as KV55, the tomb contained a variety of artifacts and a single body. Ancient-wisdom.co.uk. Seen in the third dimension, the contents of the observatory are located on two platforms: east and west, east of which is 20 meters higher than the west. Yesterday I wrote about a new column that will appear in the New York Times, Across the Universe, and the anticipation of some very interesting discoveries by astrophysics about stars and galaxies, and what’s out there. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Up until 2011 the observatory was managed by Cornell University. Gobekli Tepe’s design and age have captured the public’s imagination for decades. Website: http://… Thus, this clearly depicts the importance of this observatory in the world. 1000m) longitude further north. It would take archaeologists 12 years to realize that this ridge was the remains of an ancient solar observatory. The site was approximately 75 meters (246 feet) in diameter. 1000m) longitude further north. 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