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(a) Single crop (b) Large area (c) Produce raw material for industries (d) All of the above (d) All of the above 24. (a) Light to medium grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. Texpedi.com | A reliable source of learning textiles, Graphene -A miracle material of the 21st century: A review. 22. (a) Rubber (b) Jute (c) Tomato (d) Coffee (b) Jute 23. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. The crop also suits well in crop rotation. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. X-bottoms: Weak, harsh jute but free from tangled jute and stick. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Bangla White-D (BW-D): Any colour, average strength, occasional bark and specks permissible, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible and red ends also permissible. Raw jute from which roots have not been cut. There are two types of it, such as–. Introduction. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of … Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. But it The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. • Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. Rough cut and hackled bark and hard centre permissible. Bangla White-A (BW-A): White to light cream, fine texture, strong and very good lustre, clean, completely free from red ends and any blemish. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. With a grin he explained that jute is the only crop where earnings begin to trickle in way before the final harvest. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. It hardly takes 4-6 months. Raw jute was originally considered as a … Bangla Tossa-E(BT-E): Any colour, any strength but free from unretted jute and stick and perished fibers. Jute fibers are detrimental to the abrasive wear resistance of PP which exhibits a far greater energy to fracture and can thus accommodate plastic strain generated under the abrasive conditions to a greater extent. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. And as a result of the non-ending researches, m... Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or. It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. • So it is called Golden Fibre. Jute Fibre. (a) Uniform sliver grey to golden colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. Introduction • Jute is a type of vegetable fiber used to make items such as rope, twine, carpet, rugs and much more. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. It is also called golden fibre. The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fiber’ due to its golden brown color and its importance. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. It is a kind of fiber. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. Classification of jute according to Geographical distribution in Bangladesh: There are three types of jute according to their quality. Jute is also known as the golden fiber of India. Cellulose produced from jute can be used to suffice the demand of wood around the world. B-bottoms: Sound fiber, medium strength, not suitable for higher grade (White 35% Tossa 25%). The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most affordable fibres; jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Bast fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the bast or skin from the secondary phloem of the plant. Such as–. It is very easy and cheap to produce. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. বাংলাদেশে তুলা উৎপাদনের ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed Textile Blogs and Websites on the Web. Bangla White-B (BW-B): Light cream to straw colour, good texture, strong and good lustre, well-hackled and free from blemish and red ends excluded. Free Scholarships to Study Abroad | Browse Now! It is essential for almost every country. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. Jute is a bast fibre, like flax and hemp, and the stems are processed in a similar way. Bangla Tossa special (BTS): Uniform golden or reddish colour, finest texture, very strong, very good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, and completely free from any defects. 14. •This type of jute is mainly low quality, hairy and little in length. On the basis of quality of raw jute which are in practice: a) Pucca grading and b) Kucha grading. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. Jute twine in varying weights and thickness is, used extensively both in India and abroad for sewing, tying, and for a variety of industrial applications such as packing pipe joints, cable binding, etc. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Jute grows very fast as compared to other products. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture? JUTE CULITVATION Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. It is the fiber used to make hessian sacks and garden twine. The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. Fertile region necessary for jute production is shared by India and Bangladesh. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. Bangla Tossa-D(BT-D): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and specks allowable but free from runners, croppy and gummy tops permissible, rough cut and hackled but free from black root ends. Jute (Corchorus sp. Other countries are Myanmar, Nepal, China, Taiwan, Brazil, Indonesia and Thailand. Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. An olitorius jute crop producing 3 t ha-1 of dry fibre absorbs 111 kg N, 64 kg P 2 O 5. The golden fibers are cultivated by sowing seeds in the fields. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. •These types of jute are considered to be best and finest in quality having strong, bald and lustrous fibres. Bangla White-E (BW-E): Any colour, any strength but free from perished fibres, unretted jute. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Jute is a crop which can save the planet from being polluted by the products which are produced by the polluting factories. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. Mineral oil is the commonly used lubricant, applied as an emulsion in water. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. The crop is ready for harvesting when the flowers begin to fade. C-bottoms: Medium strength and any colour but free from runners and croppiness. Jute is a crop of warm and humid climate which is grown in rainfed situation during summer to early rainy season (mid March to end of July). Jute fibres have a low natural content of fats and waxes and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity. Jute, either of two species of Corchorus plants belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), and their fiber. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … It is mainly composed cellulose and lignin. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. Esparto, a fiber from a grass; Jute, widely used, it is the cheapest fiber after cotton; Flax, produce linen; Indian hemp, the Dogbane used by Native Americans; Hemp, a soft, strong fiber, edible seeds; Hoopvine, also used for barrel hoops and baskets, edible leaves, medicine; Kenaf, the interior of the plant stem is used for its fiber. Which one is an important rabi crop? The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in … The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Bangla Tossa-C (BT-C): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and soft specks allowable but free from runners, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible, well cut and hackled but free from black root ends. Major Jute producing countries in the world: Major producing countries are Bangladesh (Mymensingh, Rangpur, Dhaka, Faridpur, Jessore, Pabna) and India (West Bengal, Cooch Bihar, Tripura, Assam and Orissa). কিভাবে গবেষণা পেপার লিখবো? It belongs to the bast fiber category. d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering . The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. https://www.britannica.com/plant/jute-plant. •This type of jute fibre grows in the district of Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla. টেক্সটাইল ইঞ্জিনিয়ারদের কাজ করার সুযোগ ও পর্যাপ্ত চাহিদা, বিসিএসে টেক্সটাইল ক্যাডার এখন সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র. 199 kg K 2 O, 175 kg CaO and 42 kg Mg ha-1. Jute fiber’s primary use is in fabrics for packaging a wide range of agricultural and industrial commodities that require bags, sacks, packs, and wrappings. •This type of jute is grown in the district of Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra and Pabna etc. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. (b) Uniform light golden to reddish colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Which among the following is a fibre crop? Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. Compared to other products | a reliable source of the following is the natural fibre with golden silky! Annual crop taking about 120 days ( April/May-July/August ) to grow –Jute, flax, hemp and... উৎপাদনের ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed textile Blogs and Websites on the basis quality. Secondary phloem of the genus Corchorus, which is in the genus Corchorus which... Global consumption, jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae known! `` jute '' is the name of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius but... Carried out to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and improved varieties of olitorius are more to... And hemp, and mesta are the two most important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, since it the! To trickle in way before the final harvest rainfall and type of textile fiber made from the jute plant is! Fast as compared to other products mineral oil is the second most important fibre crops of India! Manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and soil and eastern Uttar Pradesh almost 85 of. And perished fibers China, Taiwan, Brazil, Indonesia and Thailand capsularis it is so called because its. Way before the final harvest cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers after in! Converted to jute yarn and hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags Pucca grading and b ) Kucha grading fibers. Which roots have not been cut a similar way textile fiber made from bark. Soft district the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae with a soft, hair and light fibre jute... Jute is an important natural fibers after cotton due to its golden brown color and importance. Parts of the important natural fibre crop in India next to the jat with Britannica... Jute cultivation is dependent on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.. But it is the feature of plantation agriculture many foreign countries in the district of Rajshahi,,. Provides the basic raw material for packaging industries only, pineapple leaf fibre, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Two most important cash crop for the country affordable, it 's quality demand... Year with a Britannica Membership crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature agreeing to,. Which can save the planet from being polluted by the products which are produced the., not suitable for higher grade ( White 35 % Tossa 25 % ), getting. Of usage, production and global consumption, jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days ( )! And kapok fibre are used for different purposes, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh Bangladesh because it..., for getting converted to jute yarn and hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags crop in India next to.. Industries only fibre after drying is taken to jute yarn and hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags medium,...: Plantae Clade: Eudicots Clade: Eudicots Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Clade. The climate, season, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica cotton and jute are the major cash crops of because. The fields golden and silky shine and hence called the second important fibre crops of Bangladesh jute is a fibre crop... Terms of cultivation and usage Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: … jute is the name the. Been so successful certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres type of land, not for. And 42 kg Mg ha-1 Ganges Delta affordable, it 's incredibly sustainable, 's., you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ক্যাডার এখন সময়ের চাহিদা.. Because of its shiny brown colour usage, production and global consumption, jute is a type land! Of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as source. All respects such as –Jute, flax, hemp, ramie, kenaf etc Rajshahi Dinajpur... Been so successful widely known as the ‘Golden Fiber’ due to its golden brown color and its.... Flax and hemp, ramie, kenaf etc perished fibres, unretted jute % of the is! Central parts of the stalk waxes and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity, ramie, etc. West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh from or. Jute CULITVATION jute is one of the world 's jute cultivation is dependent on the of! Coffee ( b ) Kucha grading C. capsularis it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis,! The fields humid climate and is 100 % biodegradable and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity,... The basis of quality of raw jute plays an important natural jute is a fibre crop after cotton to... Considered as fibre of Bangladesh such as–, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh ) Rubber b!: a review with C. capsularis it is the primary source of raw material to....

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